If you provide suitable food, shelter, and water, birds will come to your backyard. If you offer a variety of these necessities you will attract a greater diversity of birds. Place your feeders, nesting boxes, and birdbaths where the birds will feel safe from people and animals and where you can see the birds as you go about your daily routine.
Many people enjoy feeding birds year-round. Basic types of feeders include platform feeders, hopper feeders, tube feeders, ball feeders, window feeders, fruit feeders, nectar feeders, and suet feeders. Standard foods include black (oil) sunflower seed (the best single seed), striped sunflower seed, hulled sunflower (chips/hearts) seed, rtiger (called "rhJsrJe") seed, saffiower seed, white proso millet seed, red millet seed, milo seed, corn (whole kernel, shelled, and cracked), peanuts, peanut butter, suet and suet mixes, fruits, and nectar.
Watching Birds 3Birds need water as much as they need food. Even one dependable source of water in your yard you will attract a great variety of birds to drink, bathe, and cool off. If there is a running water or dripping water element even more species will come. There are many styles of water containers to choose from but the only requirement is: Maintain a stable supply of clean water in a shallow container no deeper than three inches.
Birds Watching 4Planting trees, shrubs, and other vegetation not only provides food for birds but shelter and nesting places. Many species will use nest boxes. Others will use nesting shelves or ledges, and larger species will use raised nesting platforms. Nesting boxes can be made of wood, aluminum, or plastic; natural gourds are often used for martins and swallows.
With experienced birders who know the area is also valuable in getting you off to a good start. It is a good idea to keep a small notebook handy. Later you may want to add a camera and telephoto lens; a spotting scope with tripod becomes a good investment for the more serious birder. A long-lens camera and binoculars allow birders to photograph and see birds that might otherwise be missed.
Look for magnifying ranges from 7x to lOx power. The outside diameter of the lenses that are farthest from yoBinoculars for watching Birdsur eyes (the objective lenses) should range from 35mm to 50mm. The power of magnification and the diameter of the objective lenses (the latter helps determine light-gathering ability) are combined and stamped on the binoculars as two numbers such as: 7 x 35, 7 x 50, or 8 x 42. Small compact binoculars such as 8 x 23 are lightweight and tempting to carry in the field, but the small size of the objective lenses limits the amount of light they can gather, making birdwatching under low light difficult.
To improve the sharpness of your exposures.CAMERA 35mm single lens reflex (SLR).The best camera body for bird photography is a 35mm single lens reflex (SLR). Phis camera allows you to view the subject directly through the lens. Many birds move quickly so your camera should have a fast shutter speed of at least 1/500 sec or higher, and the films you use with natural light should have high exposure speeds in the range of 20(M100 ISO (ASA).
A telephoto lens will allow you to photograph a larger image; you will need one in the 300mm to 500mm range. A sturdy tripod is required for sharp exposures. Use blinds to conceal yourself from the bird and let you get much closer. Automobiles will work as long as you stay inside. Watching Birds 7A temporary moveable blind in the form of a simple tent can conceal birders enough to put wary birds at ease.