Nightingale bird is a remarkably plain-looking bird considering that its song is so exotic and rich. It is warm brown above, with a rather long and broad tail that is often cocked, and both the tail and rump are a richer rusty-red than the remaining upperparts. The underparts of nightingale bird are whitish with a sandy wash across the breast and down the flanks, and the crown and cheeks are warm brown. The face is very plain and has an open, gentle expression, enhanced by a narrow pale eyering; there is a grey wash to the supercilium and on the neck sides. When not sitting low in a bush it feeds on the ground, hopping with wings drooped and tail raised.
Nightingale bird is a summer visitor from Africa, although much decreased in Britain. Nightingale bird favours dense undergrowth, often within broad-leaved woodland and frequently in damp and swampy areas. It can be found in more open woodland with clear ground beneath, or in dense scrub, hedges, gardens, orchards and riverine thickets. Migrants can be found in a wider range of habitats, but usually stay hidden in dense cover.
Nightingale bird is famous as a songster, it vigorously delivers its loud, rich song at any time of day or night, typically from dense cover, although in some areas - such as around the Mediterranean - it sits out in the open and will even sing from wires! The song bursts typically last for 2-4 seconds and can be very varied, but usually include a series of components including drawn-out low whistles, hard trills, hard "choc-choc-choc" and "jug jug jug" notes and crescendos, and with a little flourish at the end of the phrase, such as "oooo oooo oooo chew'chew'chew titi'churr chi'ur'chih! weeee-weeer-weeer urrr'r'r'r'r' chyu'chyu'chyu'chit! whichoo'wichee kr'r'r'r'r'r'r' weechup!" and so on. It has various calls, such a guttural frog-like croaking "krrrrrrrr", a low "tuc-tuc", a clear Chiffchaff-like "hweet" or "uiihp", and a rather feeble plaintive eoeep , frequently repeated.