Home Birds Home

Willow Tit Bird

Identification of Willow Tit Bird

Willow Tit Bird Length: 12-13cm Wingspan: 17-20.5cm Call: "zzi'zi djaeeer djaeer djaeer djaeer"

Willow Tit Bird is a very similar to the Marsh Tit, with which it shares a black cap, white cheek and brown upperparts. It is big-headed, more so than the Marsh, and has a matt black cap and a more extensive black bib, which tends to be more triangular in shape. It shows a pale panel on the wing of pale-edged secondaries, tertials and greater coverts, a feature lacking in the Marsh. The underparts are buffish-white, with warm buff on the flanks.

Habitat of Willow Tit Bird

Willow Tit Bird is a resident across the region, but in serious decline in many parts of Britain. It can be found in deciduous and mixed woodland, with a preference for damp or marshy areas with willow, alder, elder and birch, hedgerows, copses, and scrub in overgrown marshes, all with dead or rotting wood in which it excavates its own nest hole. In the north of its range it favours coniferous forest.

Song / Call of Willow Tit Bird

The call of Willow Tit Bird is the best way to tell it from the similar Marsh Tit, and is usually a sequence of two different notes. The first is a high, short "zzi", repeated just once or twice, and the second is a hoarse, nasal drawn-out note, "zzi'zi djaeeer djaeer djaeer djaeer". Often just the "djaeer" notes are given, and this is used as a contact call or given more excitedly in alarm. It also gives some short "chup" or "chit" notes, and some short typically tit-like high-pitched "sit" calls. The main song type is similar to the second song type of the Wood Warbler, a series of 3-5 loud, downwardly-inflected piping whistles such as "tiou'tiou'tiou'tiou'tiou". Another song, although rarely heard, comprises a collection of sweet, rather strangled and subdued warbling phrases, plus a Greenfinch-like rattle.